Magnetic Island North Queensland
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June 26th 2008
Bowen now lead site for Chalco

Magnetic Times has campaigned over recent years against, Chinese aluminium giant, Chalco's possible moves to build an alumina refinery at the Stuart Industrial Area, south of and up wind of, Townsville and, to an extent, Magnetic Island. That threat now appears to be over for Townsville, at least, after Bowen was endorsed yesterday as the lead site.

Member for Townsville Mike Reynolds, who previuosly supported the Townsville bid, today welcomed and endorsed Bowen as the lead site for the Chalco Aluminium Refinery.

"This is a great decision for the people of Bowen and North Queensland and is a major consolidation of industrial growth and development in the dedicated Northern Economic Triangle which takes in Bowen, Townsville and Mount Isa.

James McLellan from the North Queensland Conservation Council (NQCC), however, was unimpressed. "The site at Bowen is equally inappropriate as Townsville's. It is too close to the coast."

"We are hugely concerned about added greenhouse and where they are going to store the toxic (refinery waste) mudpond.

The NQCC claim on their website that the Chalco proposal to produce 2.1 million tonnes of alumina per year will require approximately the same electricity as 105, 000 homes. There are approximately 59,000 homes in the New Townsville City. NQCC also claim (click here) that the Chalco refinery would require approximately 12 000 megalitres of water a year. This is approximately equivalent to the amount used by 48 000 homes in a year.

Mike Reynolds said, "Only one site was ever considered for the Chalco development in Townsville and that was a site which was within the Stuart Industrial Development Area.

"It is clear that this site has not met the strict environmental conditions which would be necessary for the Chalco Development to go ahead at this site.

"Many residents, particularly those in adjoining suburbs to Stuart, will be very relieved that Bowen has been chosen as the refinery site if the Aurukun Bauxite Development proceeds.

Two years ago, commercial and local government leaders submitted a case to the Queensland Government that Woodstock should also be considered for the Chalco Development, but this was ruled out given the Government's previous decision in 2000 not to allow a major industrial development complex at Woodstock.

Mr Reynolds said that there would be enormous spin-off benefits for the whole of North Queensland and particularly Townsville given the enormous civic and industrial infrastructure in Townsville.

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Bowen now lead site for Chalco
 
1 comments
 
chasmac
June 26th 2008
I am interested in the disposal of the leftovers from alumina production having seen the devastation near the NT town of Nhulunbuy (Gove) where an area of some square kilometres is covered with superfine red mud which is strongly alkaline.
For your information I retrieved some data from the internet:
Bauxite has to be processed into pure aluminium oxide (alumina) before it can be converted to aluminium by electrolysis. This is achieved through the use of the Bayer chemical process in alumina refineries. The aluminium oxide is released from the other substances in bauxite in a caustic soda solution, which is filtered to remove all insoluble particles. The aluminium hydroxide is then precipitated from the soda solution, washed and dried while the soda solution is recycled. After calcination, the end-product, aluminium oxide (Al2O3), is a fine grained white powder. Four tonnes of bauxite are required to produce two tonnes of alumina which in turn produces one tonne of aluminium at the primary smelter. In 1998, 45 million tonnes of alumina were produced world-wide.


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